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Indang Berta Ni Liwayway Arceo D

Indang Berta ni Liwayway Arceo D

Indang Berta ni Liwayway Arceo D is a short story written by Liwayway Arceo, a Filipino writer and journalist. The story was first published in 1951 in the magazine Liwayway, where Arceo worked as an editor and columnist. The story is about Indang Berta, a poor widow who lives in a slum with her three children. She works as a laundrywoman to support her family, but she also has a passion for music and plays the violin. She inherited the violin from her late husband, who was a musician. Indang Berta's life changes when she meets Don Ramon, a wealthy and influential man who is fascinated by her violin playing. He offers to buy her violin for a large sum of money, but Indang Berta refuses to sell it. She considers the violin as her only treasure and a symbol of her love for her husband. Don Ramon becomes obsessed with Indang Berta and tries to force her to give up her violin. He uses his power and influence to harass and threaten her, but Indang Berta remains steadfast and loyal to her violin. She faces many challenges and hardships, but she also finds support and friendship from her neighbors and fellow slum dwellers. The story ends with Indang Berta playing her violin in front of Don Ramon's mansion, defying his attempts to silence her music.

Themes and Analysis

The story of Indang Berta ni Liwayway Arceo D explores various themes such as poverty, oppression, resistance, music, love, and courage. The story depicts the harsh realities of life in the slums, where people struggle to survive and face discrimination and injustice from the powerful and wealthy. The story also shows the resilience and dignity of the poor, who despite their hardships, still have dreams and aspirations. Indang Berta is a symbol of the oppressed masses, who refuse to give up their rights and dignity in the face of tyranny and corruption. She represents the spirit of resistance and defiance against the oppressive system that exploits and marginalizes the poor.

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Music is another important theme in the story, as it serves as a source of joy and inspiration for Indang Berta and her children. Music also represents Indang Berta's identity and culture, as she plays Filipino folk songs on her violin. Music is also a form of protest and expression for Indang Berta, as she uses it to challenge Don Ramon's authority and arrogance. Music is Indang Berta's weapon against oppression, as it gives her strength and courage to fight for her rights and freedom.

Love is another theme that runs throughout the story, as it motivates Indang Berta to protect her violin and her family. The violin is not only a musical instrument for Indang Berta, but also a symbol of her love for her husband, who died during the war. The violin is also a symbol of her love for her children, who share her passion for music and support her decision to keep the violin. Love is what gives Indang Berta hope and happiness in the midst of poverty and misery.


Indang Berta ni Liwayway Arceo D is a classic short story that showcases the talent and skill of Liwayway Arceo as a writer. The story is rich in imagery, symbolism, emotion, and social commentary. The story is also relevant and timely, as it reflects the issues and struggles of the Filipino people under colonialism and neocolonialism. The story is a testament to the power of music, love, and courage in overcoming oppression and injustice.

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